About a week ago, the sun became quiet — solar flare activity dropped and new sunspot production stalled.
1) Because Solar Cycle 25 is still young–and young cycles often take naps, and 2) We’re in a general period of reduced solar output, with the sun threatening to enter a multidecadal state of “hibernation” (otherwise known as a Grand Solar Minimum)–so stalling is expected.
But while the Earthside of the sun is quiet (with stable sunspot AR2833 failing to produce a solar flare in more than a week now), the farside of the sun is a different story.
Yesterday, something over the sun’s horizon hurled a CME into space, as seen by NASA’s STEREO-A spacecraft:
The source of the eruption is probably one of several active regions just around the bend, according to Dr. Tony Phillips — STEREO-A is monitoring three ultraviolet hotspots on the farside of the sun:
Soon (on June 22/23), the spinning motion of the sun will turn them toward us, and we’ll see which one, if any, is an active sunspot.
Stay tuned for updates.
Noctilucent Clouds Spill out of the Arctic due to Record Cold in the Mesosphere
It’s getting COLD in the mesosphere; so cold in fact, it’s causing noctilucent clouds (NLCs) to spill out of the Arctic and invade the mid-latitudes, dropping farther south than ever before.
This weekend, noctilucent clouds (NLCs) spilled out of the Arctic Circle to cover more than half of Europe.
Their electric-blue forms were observed as far south as the Italian Alps.
Photographer Bertrand Kulik was sitting on his balcony in District 15 of Paris, France when the clouds arrived on June 19 — this is what he saw:
“They were bright and beautiful,” says Kulik.
At one point, the noctilucent clouds extended more than 50 degrees above the horizon.
NLCs are clouds of frosted meteor smoke, explains Dr. Phillips. They form when summertime wisps of water vapor rise to the edge of space (~83 km high) and crystallize around disintegrated meteoroids.
For NLCs to form, extremely cold temperatures –as low as -150F– are required.
This frosted meteor smoke is always more prevalent during solar minimum conditions, when there is less solar energy heating the extreme upper atmosphere; and with the Sun still struggling to escape the grip of its deepest solar minimum of the past 100+ years, this goes someway to explaining these low latitude sightings.
But there is also a long-term upward trend, too:
Not all that long ago, NLCs were confined to the Arctic, but in recent years they’ve been spreading unusually-far south with sightings in London, Paris, Rome and Los Angeles as record cold penetrates the mesosphere:
Before 2018, no sightings of noctilucent clouds at the mid-latitudes existed. Then, from around mid-June 2019, NLCs were observed as far south as Joshua Tree, CA (34 deg. N) and Albuquerque, New Mexico (35 deg. N).
Last year (2020), these night shining clouds surprised Phil Halpert in London, England, who noticed a few electric-blue ripples over the rooftops on June 7:
“I’ve been waiting years to see NLCs, and finally it happened!” said Halpert.
“This is the first time I have ever seen noctilucent clouds over London!”
Observing tips: Dr. Phillips suggests you look west 30 to 60 minutes after sunset (or before sunrise) when the sun is just below the horizon. If you see luminous blue-white tendrils spreading across the sky, you may have spotted a noctilucent cloud.
The COLD TIMES are returning, the mid-latitudes are REFREEZING, in line with the great conjunction, historically low solar activity, cloud-nucleating Cosmic Rays, and a meridional jet stream flow (among other forcings).
Both NOAA and NASA appear to agree, if you read between the lines, with NOAA saying we’re entering a ‘full-blown’ Grand Solar Minimum in the late-2020s, and NASA seeing this upcoming solar cycle (25) as “the weakest of the past 200 years”, with the agency correlating previous solar shutdowns to prolonged periods of global cooling here.
Furthermore, we can’t ignore the slew of new scientific papers stating the immense impact The Beaufort Gyre could have on the Gulf Stream, and therefore the climate overall.
Prepare accordingly— learn the facts, relocate if need be, and grow your own.
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Grand Solar Minimum + Pole Shift