Three people have been killed after storm Callum battered western parts of Britain over the weekend.
Wales bore the brunt of torrential rain with the Brecon Beacons village of Libanus recording 182mm of rain in just 48 hours, way above the monthly total for the region of 169mm.
A man died in a landslide as parts of Wales recorded their “worst flooding for 30 years”.
“We have looked at the records and we are looking at records about 30 years ago when we had an event of this size and significance,” said Aneurin Cox, of Natural Resources Wales.
The flood defences in Carmarthen were breached for the first time since they were built in 1987.
River Cleddau, Wales flooding today, October 13. Report: Mike Lloyd pic.twitter.com/LqEFijpGkn
— severe-weather.EU (@severeweatherEU) October 13, 2018
— BBC Wales News (@BBCWalesNews) October 13, 2018
Meanwhile in England, a man died after he was swept into the sea in Brighton and two cars were crushed by a falling tree in Cornwall overnight.
— Pat McGrath (@patmcgrath) October 12, 2018
Which song should soundtrack this?
— BBC Radio 6 Music (@BBC6Music) October 13, 2018
And in Scotland, heavy rain and strong winds brought 300 tonnes of debris from the hillside on to the A83 in Argyll and Bute on Friday as operators tried to clear landslips from earlier in the week.
About 230mm (9in) of rainfall is estimated to have fallen in the area since midnight on Sunday Oct 7 — a new record.
— BBC Scotland News (@BBCScotlandNews) October 12, 2018
“Storm Callum is now way to the north of the UK but the rain does still keep coming over the next 12 hours or so,” said Met Office meteorologist Simon Partridge on Sunday morning.
“We could see up to 100mm of rain for some places (western parts) and the main area of concern is down across southern Wales.
“Here we could see up to 200mm or more in some localised areas and that could bring more flooding.”
Storm Callum is already the third named storm of the season to hit the UK.
Galactic Cosmic Rays are a mixture of high-energy photons and sub-atomic particles accelerated toward Earth by supernova explosions and other violent events in the cosmos.
Cosmic rays hitting Earth’s atmosphere create aerosols which, in turn, seed clouds.
This makes cosmic rays an important player in our weather and climate.
Recent balloon flights by Spaceweather.com and Earth to Sky Calculus show that cosmic rays are intensifying:
During solar minimum, like the one we’re entering now, the sun’s magnetic field weakens and the outward pressure of the solar wind decreases.
This allows more cosmic rays from deep space to penetrate our planet’s atmosphere:
With this being a Grand Solar Minimum we’re entering, Galactic Cosmic Rays should be off the charts — that’s exactly what we’re seeing:
And there’s another major implication to increased cloud cover:
“Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming — or global cooling,” Dr. Roy Spencer.
The upshot of our descent into this next Grand Solar Minimum –and resulting increase in GCRs– will be a cooling of the planet.
Stay tuned for updates.