A high-level stratospheric eruption was recorded at Merapi Volcano, central Java, Indonesia on March 03, 2020.
A thick column of volcanic ash has been fired to an altitude of 35,000 ft (10.7 km) above sea level, according to data released by the Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC).
As a result, the Aviation Color Code was raised from Orange to Red at 22:50 UTC; and Adi Soemarmo International Airport in Surakarta has been closed following the eruption.
Particulates ejected to altitudes above 32,800 feet (10 km) –and into the stratosphere– often linger, where they have a direct cooling effect on the planet.
The previous major eruption of this volcano took place in 2010, claiming the lives of 353 people — that eruptive period lasted from October 26, 2010 to July 15, 2012; and was classed as VEI 4.
Stratovolcano: 2968 m / 9737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia: -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Current status: ERUPTING (4 out of 5)
Merapi is a highly explosive stratovolcano — a large Plinian eruption takes place every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse.
The volcano, one of Indonesia’s most active, lies in one of the world’s most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta. It is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. Growth of Old Merapi during the Pleistocene ended with major edifice collapse perhaps about 2000 years ago, leaving a large arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Subsequently growth of the steep-sided Young Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent eruptive activity, began SW of the earlier collapse scarp. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities during historical time.
For more see volcano.si.edu
Full Eruption list: 1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb, 2018 (May), late 2018 – ongoing (already classed as VEI 3)…
For more see VolcanoDiscovery.com
Seismic and Volcanic activity has been correlated to changes in our sun.
The recent global uptick in earthquakes and volcanic eruptions is likely attributed to the drop-off in solar activity, coronal holes, a waning magnetosphere, and the influx of Cosmic Rays penetrating silica-rich magma.
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Grand Solar Minimum + Pole Shift