More than 400 people have been confirmed dead after a tsunami triggered by a magnitude 7.5 earthquake hit Palu and Donggala on Friday.
Waves up to 3m (10ft) high swept through Palu on Sulawesi island.
A tsunami warning was issued, but lifted within the hour. Indonesia’s meteorological agency has been criticised for its response.
Videos on social media show people screaming and fleeing in panic, and a mosque amongst the buildings damaged.
— Ramadhani Eko P (@ramadhaniep) September 28, 2018
“The situation is chaotic, people are running on the streets and buildings collapsed. There is a ship washed ashore,” said Dwikorita Karnawati, head of Indonesia’s meteorology and geophysics agency.
Indonesia’s disaster agency said at least 400 people have been killed and more than 350 injured.
Rescue efforts are underway, though hampered by a major power cut.
“We have not received comprehensive reports yet because communications are cut. Many bodies were found along the shoreline because of the tsunami, but the numbers are still unknown,” Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for the agency, told Reuters.
The country’s military has started sending cargo planes of relief aid from the capital, Jakarta but the runway in Palu was badly damaged by the quake, delaying deliveries.
The powerful and shallow earthquake was registered by the USGS as M7.5 and hit 78km North of Palu, Indonesia at 10:02 UTC (17:02 local time) on September 28, 2018, at a depth of 10km (6.2 miles).
Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it lies on the Ring of Fire – the line of frequent quakes and volcanic eruptions that circles virtually the entire Pacific rim.
Just last month, a series of deadly earthquakes struck the Indonesian island of Lombok.
The biggest, on 5 August, killed more than 460 people.
The recent global seismic and volcanic uptick is likely attributed to the drop-off in solar activity, and the increase in Galactic Cosmic Rays penetrating silica-rich magma.
Check out this link for more info: https://principia-scientific.org/do-cosmic-rays-trigger-earthquakes-volcanic-eruptions/
GSM = influx of GCRs = uptick in Volcanic & Seismic Activity