July 2021 in Belgium was much cooler than average.
The month delivered record amounts of rain, too.
Average temperature at the Uccle Observatory held at just 17.9C (64.2F) — that’s -0.8C (-1.4F) below the norm:
It was also Belgium’s wettest July on record, and by some margin, too.
A total of 166.5mm (6.6 inches) of rain fell over the course of the month, versus the norm of 76.9mm (3 inches) — this busted previous record of 133.8mm (5.3 inches) set back in the year 2000.
It was a similar story in the Netherlands, which also saw a cooler and wetter than normal month of July.
At the De Bilt Observatory, the average temperature finished up at 18C (64.4F), which is -0.3C (-0.5F) below the average.
Precipitation came out at 98mm (3.86 inches), against the norm of 85mm (3.35 inches).
Cosmic Rays and Cloud Nucleation
Very briefly, cosmic rays (CRs) increase during times of low solar activity:
When cosmic rays hit Earth’s atmosphere, they create aerosols.
These aerosols seed clouds (Svensmark et al).
This makes CRs a key component in our weather and climate, and many scientists, across a multitude of disciplines, have concluded that clouds play the most crucial role in Earth’s climate.
Also, that quote from Dr. Roy Spencer again springs to mind:
“Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming — or global cooling.”
Increased cloud cover brings with it more than just cooling, of course: precipitation also increases, and this forcing (CRs) –in combination with the changing jet streams (see below)– is behind central/western Europe’s recent summer chills, as well as the historic rains.
Europe’s Temperature Outlook
Further summer chills are forecast for Europe as August rolls on, particularly for central and western regions:
Although the chill looks set to spread eastwards as the month progresses:
Additional precipitation is also on the cards, with more summer snow set to blanket the continent’s higher elevations:
Farmers’ Almanac 2021-22 Winter Outlook
“Grab Your Gloves! Fetch Your Fleece! Winter is going to be a season of flip-flop conditions with notable polar coaster swings in temperatures!” — the Farmers’ Almanac 2021-22 winter forecast is out, and it’s calling for a ‘Grand Solar Minimum’ winter.
Unlike the Old Farmers’ Almanac, which makes weather predictions through a combination of animal signals, chicken bones, pig spleens, and other weather lore, the Farmers’ Almanac bases its outlook on a “mathematical and astronomical formula” dating back to 1818 that takes sunspot activity and other astronomical anomalies into account.
All long-range forecasts need to be taken with grain or two or salt, but the Farmers’ Almanac is one worth paying attention to. Below is a snapshot of what it sees occurring across the U.S. this winter. Note: it stays well-clear of EOTW AGW rhetoric; in fact, it isn’t calling for above average temperatures anywhere (unlike warm-mongering government agencies, such as NOAA).
January — The Chill Builds
The Almanac sees winter 2021-22 starting out somewhat mild for much of the country, in January.
However, a trend to the frigid will begin during the middle to latter part of the month.
Overall, January will be stormy, especially along the Atlantic Seaboard where an active storm track will lead to a stretch of precipitation in various forms: rain, snow, sleet, and ice.
The Great Lakes, Midwest, and Ohio Valley are forecast to have more than their fair share of cold and flaky weather.
The Northern Plains and Rockies will also experience Old Man Winter’s wrath with stormy weather culminating to a possible blizzard later in the month.
And for the Southern Great Plains, including Texas and Oklahoma, the Almanac is sorry to report that late January may bring some potentially frigid and flaky weather, “like you experienced last winter”.
The Almanac hopes the freeze won’t be as robust, but urges Texans to “be prepared”.
February — Quieter, Punctuated by a “Winter Whopper”
February will average out to be a much quieter month in terms of storminess across much of the nation.
In the eastern-third of the country, for example, the Almanac calculates that on average there will be 57% fewer days of measurable precipitation compared to January, a significant drop-off.
However, that doesn’t necessarily mean that storminess will be completely absent.
The Almanac is forecasting a “winter whopper” for parts of the Northeast and Ohio Valley toward the end of February.
Another “atmospheric hemorrhage” from the Pacific could lash most of the far West, with everything from strong winds to heavy rains and snow.
March — Late Winter Storms, Delayed Start to Spring
From start to finish, the month of March will be full of stretches of uneventful weather, but when it turns stormy, the precipitation will come in big doses.
For the East and Midwest, for example, a late winter storm will blow in at mid-month followed by a nor’easter along the East Coast toward month’s end.
Winter is expected to stretch longer into spring next year.
This Almanac is “raising red flags” for potent winter storms for the Great Lakes and the Northeast during the second week of January, the final week of February, and second week of March on account of bouts of heavy snow, rain, or a wintry mix of both.
A possible blizzard is predicted for the Northern Plains and Rockies near the end of the third week of January.
What about the cold?
Winter temperatures are expected to range from near- to somewhat-below normal across the eastern-third of the nation, well below-normal over the Central US, and near-normal across the western US, especially in February.
“So if you’ve been putting off buying those sale long johns or portable hand warmers, you may want to rethink it.”
Especially come March, when most parts of the nation will be anxiously awaiting warmer days, the news is not all rosy: “they will be few and far between”.
In fact, around the time of the vernal equinox –March 20– unseasonably cold temperatures will grip many parts of the country.
To recap, this winter will be doing a lot of flip-flopping, with fluctuating temperatures and cold extending beyond March.
The Almanac, in essence, is forecasting a Grand Solar Minimum winter.
We haven’t long to see how it pans out — 137 days until it starts, and counting…
The COLD TIMES are returning, the mid-latitudes are REFREEZING, in line with the great conjunction, historically low solar activity, cloud-nucleating Cosmic Rays, and a meridional jet stream flow (among other forcings).
Both NOAA and NASA appear to agree, if you read between the lines, with NOAA saying we’re entering a ‘full-blown’ Grand Solar Minimum in the late-2020s, and NASA seeing this upcoming solar cycle (25) as “the weakest of the past 200 years”, with the agency correlating previous solar shutdowns to prolonged periods of global cooling here.
Furthermore, we can’t ignore the slew of new scientific papers stating the immense impact The Beaufort Gyre could have on the Gulf Stream, and therefore the climate overall.
Prepare accordingly— learn the facts, relocate if need be, and grow your own.
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Grand Solar Minimum + Pole Shift