High winds and torrential rain have devastated parts of Italy over the past week, causing the worst flooding in a decade in Venice as well as 1 billion euros ($1.14 billion) of damage in Veneto.
“This is one of the most complex meteorological situations of the past 50 to 60 years,” the civil protection agency said.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte called the situation in Sicily “dramatic,”
12 people are known to have lost their lives in Sicily alone, with the death toll in Italy’s historic flooding now as high as 29, according to Interior Minister Matteo Salvini.
“Twelve dead in Sicily, people that were having dinner and were swept up by the water,” Salvini said.
At least nine people have been killed in floods on the island of Sicily after fierce storms battered Italy.
— Sky News (@SkyNews) November 4, 2018
Wave crashes through restaurant windows in Italy as storms continue in region
— Globalnews.ca (@globalnews) November 4, 2018
This week’s flooding was caused by a seasonal high tide and a strong low-pressure system in southern Europe that brought strong winds from the south and pushed water up the Adriatic Sea into Venice.
As much as 75% of Venice was flooded on Oct 29 after the water level reached 156 cm (5.1 feet) above average sea level, the fourth highest level ever recorded in the city and the highest since December 2008 (Solar Minimum of cycle 23).
1966 (Solar Minimum of cycle 19) was one of the worst years on record, when the waters reached a staggering 194 cm (6.3 feet).
The severe weather is forecast to continue over the next few days.
The death toll is expected to rise further.
Galactic Cosmic Rays are a mixture of high-energy photons and sub-atomic particles accelerated toward Earth by supernova explosions and other violent events in the cosmos.
Cosmic rays hitting Earth’s atmosphere create aerosols which, in turn, seed clouds.
This makes cosmic rays an important player in our weather and climate.
Recent balloon flights by Spaceweather.com and Earth to Sky Calculus show that cosmic rays are intensifying:
During solar minimum, like the one we’re entering now, the sun’s magnetic field weakens and the outward pressure of the solar wind decreases.
This allows more cosmic rays from deep space to penetrate our planet’s atmosphere:
With this being a Grand Solar Minimum we’re entering, Galactic Cosmic Rays should be off the charts — that’s exactly what we’re seeing:
And there’s another major implication to increased cloud cover:
“Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming — or global cooling,” Dr. Roy Spencer.
The upshot of our descent into this next Grand Solar Minimum –and resulting increase in GCRs– will be a cooling of the planet.
Latest predictions have us falling as much 2C below baseline.
We’re on our way down.
Stay tuned for updates.
GSM = influx of Cosmic Rays = increased Cloud Nucleation = increased precipitation + global cooling